GenAI: The Antidote to an Unsustainable Patent Bar

Ian Schick
23 August 2023

The patent industry faces an alarming divide between early- and late-career practitioners, putting its future at risk. With fewer newcomers and rising concerns about costs and service quality, the challenge for law firms is not just recruitment—it is adapting to a changing revenue landscape. Given the risks of diminishing service and growing costs, passive strategies for law firms and patent owners are not an option. However, there is potential for change. Generative Artificial Intelligence (GenAI) offers a promising solution capable of revolutionizing patent preparation with its speed and accuracy. Embracing GenAI now is essential for those aiming to succeed in an evolving patent arena.

The Shrinking Pool of Early-Career Practitioners

Examining the historical progression of active patent practitioners, FIG. 1 illustrates a startling and pivotal trend. Beyond mere numbers, FIG. 1 highlights the cultural, economic, and possibly educational shifts influencing newcomers to the patent profession. These changes reshape the patent bar’s demographics, industry dynamics, and service efficiencies.

Interestingly, while the number of active practitioners has varied over the years, the most striking revelation pertains to the distinction between early-career and late-career patent practitioners. This distinction reveals more than just numerical differences. It points to a potential knowledge gap, a potential expertise transfer void, and changes in the financial models of patent firms. 

From the mid-1970s to the dawn of the 21st century, early- and late-career practitioners had fairly stable numbers relative to each other. This balance in representation ensured a consistent talent flow across the career spectrum, allowing firms to maintain costs, expertise, and operational efficiency. However, around 2010, a significant shift occurred. The number of late-career practitioners rose as time progressed, whereas early-career practitioners declined significantly. The latter raises questions about the barriers deterring younger individuals from entering the field. 

We can postulate several hypotheses for this decline:

  • Economic Uncertainties: After the 2007-2008 financial crisis, its effects remained evident by 2010. Economic downturns impact specialized fields like the patent industry, which relies on business investments. Such instability can deter potential entrants, questioning the career’s long-term viability.
  • Technology’s Allure: The technological renaissance, picking pace post-2000, presented a multitude of career avenues. With its promise of innovation and lucrative tech roles, the tech-savvy younger generation might see the digital age as a more enticing field.
  • Education’s Burden: Spiraling education costs coupled with the haunting specter of student loans might have led many to evaluate the return on investment. With its extended education and training period, the decision to venture into a specialized field like patent law becomes even more daunting when juxtaposed with potential debt.

Decoding Patent Filings: Indicators of Innovation

FIG. 2 shows patent application annual filings at the USPTO. A comparison between this and the total number of active patent practitioners suggests a clear connection between applications filed and practitioners available to draft them. 

A competent, well-equipped patent bar ensures that patent applications are processed more efficiently. This mirrors the overall innovative spirit of a nation. Until the mid-1980s, annual patent filings at the USPTO rose gradually to just north of 100,000. While seemingly small compared to later numbers, this figure highlights the era’s innovation, technological progress, and the global business environment.

A detailed analysis of this time might uncover links between business expansion, tech breakthroughs, and patent submissions. Yet, with the onset of the digital age, patent filings surged. By the mid-2010s, they had risen to over 600,000. This rapid increase reflects the technological boom and urgency to protect intellectual assets in a competitive landscape.

This surge in filings underscores a thriving sector, but, interestingly, this growth has leveled off in recent years. This could indicate market saturation or other challenges. This leveling might signify market maturity or perhaps just a brief pause before another growth spurt fueled by emerging technologies.

Several reasons can be surmised for this stabilization:

  • Human Bottlenecks: The sheer volume of innovations outpaced human capacity to draft and process patents, indicating a critical bottleneck. With a finite number of practitioners, especially early-career practitioners, the system inevitably hits a saturation point. This underscores the need for efficiency enhancements, through tech interventions or streamlined processes.
  • Emphasis on Quality: As patent litigation became increasingly complex, there might have been a deliberate shift from quantity to quality of patent applications. With higher stakes, patent owners might be more discerning in what they file, focusing on robust, defensible patents over sheer volume. This approach, while prudent, has implications for the time, effort, and expertise required for each filing.
  • Globalized Filings: As businesses expand their global footprints, they likely file patents in multiple jurisdictions, potentially slowing down US-centric filings. In today’s interconnected global economy, protecting intellectual property in multiple markets is a strategic imperative. This dispersion of filings might be a reflection of broader business strategies rather than a reduction in innovation.

Understanding the Shift in Patent Preparation Dynamics

FIG. 3 provides insights into practitioner workloads over past decades. While an initial glance may hover around mere statistics, a profound introspection reveals a startling reality. The declining ranks of early-career practitioners are not just an ominous trend but a dire alarm bell ringing for the patent industry.

Historically, practitioners, taken in total regardless of their years in service, processed between 10-15 applications annually. This was emblematic of a balanced workload, reflective of the diligence and precision dedicated to every patent application. Yet, one cannot miss the glaring shift in the patent industry’s ecosystem, which once thrived on a mutual relationship between innovation and its safeguarding.

Venturing into the hypothetical, consider two scenarios at the extremes:

  • Early-Career Practitioners Draft All Patent Applications: Depending solely on early-career practitioners for all patent applications underlines the unsustainability of traditional patent services. Their declining numbers cannot support increasing demand, signaling a breakdown in service efficiency.
  • Late-Career Practitioners Draft All Patent Applications: Over-relying on late-career practitioners further emphasizes the fragility of traditional patent practices. As they transition out of the workforce, there is an evident deficit in new practitioners filling their shoes, making the traditional system less equipped to handle future demands.

Although hypothetical, they emphasize an undeniable reality: we are not merely risking an imbalance. We are hurtling toward a complete system malfunction. The unmistakable takeaway is this: the declining ranks of early-career patent practitioners indicate a complete meltdown in service efficiency. Our age-old patent practices are not just wobbling but are precariously close to crumbling under their inability to match demand.

Considering the insights from FIG. 3 and the unfolding trends, it becomes imperative to revise our strategies radically. Both early- and late-career practitioners need a safeguard against becoming overburdened or sidelined. This necessitates a profound overhaul of prevailing approaches, transformative training methods, and harnessing cutting-edge technological advancements to bolster the resilience and proficiency of the patent domain.

Future Implications and The Path Forward

The mounting challenges highlighted in the patent sector are impossible to overlook. We are navigating the perfect storm: a declining influx of early-career practitioners and a steadily increasing demand for patent applications. To merely state that this could upset the equilibrium of innovation and patent protection is an understatement. We are staring down the barrel of potential systemic failure, marked by excruciating delays, increasing inaccuracies, and escalating costs. 

While the traditional model relied heavily on the influx of new talent for cost-effective patent drafting, it is now evident that this framework is on its last legs. We can no longer afford to operate under the assumption that an increase in fresh talent will mitigate these challenges. It is crucial to recognize that the essence of patent protection, the heart and soul of innovation, is at the precipice.

But every challenge comes with its set of opportunities. Enter GenAI. The proposition is not merely to lean on technology for assistance but to embrace it as the vanguard of patent application preparation. GenAI offers many advantages:

  • Unparalleled Efficiency: Unlike human practitioners, GenAI systems can handle massive workloads, drastically reducing the time to prepare each patent application without breaks, fatigue, or the need for sleep.
  • Consistency and Precision: GenAI offers a level of accuracy that eliminates common errors, providing meticulously detailed patent drafts that significantly reduce the chances of litigation.
  • Cost-effectiveness: With the ability to operate tirelessly and continuously, GenAI offers a solution to the escalating costs associated with traditional patent drafting. This means quality work at a fraction of the current price.
  • Adaptable Learning: As patent requirements and laws evolve, GenAI systems can be updated and trained rapidly to reflect these changes, ensuring the patent applications remain relevant and accurate.
  • Bridging the Knowledge Gap: With declining early-career entrants, GenAI can fill the expertise transfer void, absorbing knowledge from existing databases and ensuring continuity in quality and expertise.

Instead of a gradual adaptation, a paradigm shift is in order. The transition to GenAI does not signify replacing human roles but rather a symbiotic relationship wherein humans provide oversight, creativity, and strategy while GenAI manages the heavy lifting of drafting. 

The path forward is clear. It involves the robust integration of GenAI into the patent procurement ecosystem. But this is not just an industry overhaul. It is a clarion call to all stakeholders. It is about recognizing that the marriage of technology and human expertise is not just the future but the only way forward. 


In an era marked by the unsettling gap between early- and late-career patent practitioners, and pressing anxiety over dwindling entrants, operational costs, and service quality, the call for innovation in the patent sector has never been louder. The road ahead is not about mere recruitment or passive observation; it is about proactive transformation. GenAI, with its potential to revolutionize patent preparation through speed, precision, and scalability, emerges as the beacon of hope. Not simply an alternative, GenAI represents the very essence of the sector’s future. Stakeholders that leverage its power now are destined to lead, ensuring they not only weather the storm of change but also flourish in the evolving landscape of patent law.

Data Sources:
1. “Historical Roster Books.” United States Patent and Trademark Office, Oct. 4, 2022,
2. U.S. Patent Statistics Chart Calendar Years 1963 - 2020.” U.S. Patent Statistics Summary Table, Calendar Years 1963 to 2020, 05/2021 Update,
3. Hartung, Kirk M. “2022 U.S. Patent Filings Statistics.” Lexology, McKee Voorhees & Sease PLC, Jan. 18, 2023,

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